*The information for this post came from a presentation at NCTM Annual Meeting 2013 in Denver, CO entitled*

*Powerful Practices to Make Mathematics More Accessible to Struggling Learners.*

*The speakers were Amy Brodesky and Emily Fagan.*

Accommodations are used in classrooms so that all learners are able to access the curriculum.

Some accessibility principles:

**1. Collaboration:**Making math more accessible for learners requires a partnership between math educators and special educators.

**2. Be Diagnostic:**Pre-assess students to determine areas of struggle and need.

**3. Be Proactive:**Use formative assessments to check for students' understandings and adjust curriculum.

**4. Align Strategies:**Be consistent in methods and presentation of material.

**5. Differentiate:**Recognize the diverse needs of your learners and offer a variety of techniques to help them be successful.

**6. Be Prepared:**Identify needs ahead of time and develop lesson plans to specifically address possible pitfalls.

**7. Be Flexible:**Realize the best laid plans may not always work; adapt instruction when needed, even if it is in the middle of class.

**8. Gather Evidence:**Specifically consider the areas that students are struggling in and find ways to adapt to meet their learning needs.

**9. Promote Student Independence:**Provide just enough scaffolding to help students feel supported while giving them the independence to make their own connections as well.

**10. Create a Supportive Classroom Culture:**Equip students with the structure they need to achieve.

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